Criminal Law

Criminal law is the branch of law that regulates unlawful acts that are considered crimes by the organs of the state, the sanction (punishment) to be applied to the crime and the implementation of the penalty.


Criminal law is a branch of law that examines the structure of human behavior called crime and envisages specific sanctions.

As can be seen, the two basic elements of criminal law are crime and sanction.

In the narrow sense, criminal law is also called substantive criminal law and deals with crimes and their sanctions.

In a broad sense, criminal law includes criminal procedure law and execution law as well as substantive criminal law.

The task of criminal law is to ensure social and social peace.

Criminal law has two main functions:

1) Punishment function in case of commission of crime, that is, punitive function
2) Protective function of society during this punishment function.

Pursuant to the new TPC, the aims of the penal code are:

• To protect individual rights and freedoms, • Public order and security,
• Rule of law,
• Public health and environment,
• Community peace, and
• To prevent crime.